The Elbe river basin

The Elbe River has a length of 1 094 km and a catchment area of 148,268 kmB with 24.5 million inhabitants. It is the fourth biggest river in Europe. Four countries share the Elbe River Basin. The largest partslie in Germany (65.5%) and in the Czech Republic (33.7%). It is divided into three stretches:

  • Upper Elbe: from the springs downstream to its entrance into the North German Lowland at the Hirschstein Castle (463 km)
  • Middle Elbe: from the Hirschstein Castle downstream to the Geesthachtweir (489 km)
  • Lower Elbe: from the Geesthachtweir downstream to its mouth into the North Sea at Cuxhaven-Kugelbake (142 km)



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